Who are the beneficiaries
Possible Law Developments
The humanitarian corridors are based on European legislation: the Schengen Agreement and the Lisbon Treaty already provide “subsidiary and temporary protection” for those fleeing wars or natural disasters, and demonstrate how, using the legislative instruments already available of the Member States of the European Union, regular admissions can be guaranteed for vulnerable persons in need for international protection.
The corridors, therefore, constitute a valid response, on the one hand to the needs of refugees who escape critical situations crossing the Mediterranean risking their lives and, secondly, to the needs of the destination countries that require control, security, legal access and appropriate reception.
This good practice can be the premise of two regulatory developments:
- the first one concerning the possibility of using the humanitarian visa more widely and for a great number of people (through adjustments to the current discipline of the Article 25, Regulation No. 810/2009);
- the second one could be the affirmation of the sponsorship as an ordinary legal entry channel also in the field of the immigration policies.
The programme is funded by the promoter organizations and by the solidarity networks scattered throughout the national territory. The humanitarian corridors do not include costs to be paid by the State for the reception and the integration pathways: the costs are entirely borne by promoter associations and civil society.